Recognize and prevent allergies in children

Children usually experience allergy-related complaints particularly intensively. According to experts, about one in five children is plagued by allergies, and infants and toddlers are often already affected.

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The reason is various environmental influences such as increased pollution, but above all genetic factors play an important role. Of course, children can also develop an allergy without a parental predisposition, but the genetic predisposition is a significant factor. For example, if both mother and father are allergy sufferers, there is a 70 to 80 percent chance that their child will also develop an allergy. If only one parent is affected, the risk drops to 50 percent.

Recognize allergies in children

In principle, children can naturally suffer from the same allergies as adults. However, pollen, molds, house dust mites, animal hair and food belong to the particularly frequent allergy triggers in childhood. Possible signs of an allergic reaction should definitely be taken seriously and clarified.

Overview of common allergic reactions in children

Complaints Allergic reactions on the skin (atopic eczema) usually occur in the form of redness, itching, burning, oozing and crusting. The skin rashes usually spread preferentially on the forehead, nose, chin, cheeks, neck, and in the bends of the joints.
Interesting facts Food allergies, especially animal proteins in the form of cow's milk or eggs, are often responsible for the, sometimes severe, neurodermatitis flare-ups.
Allergic rhinitis
Complaints Inflammatory nasal mucosa is also a common allergic symptom. A runny or stuffy nose is extremely uncomfortable, especially for children.
Fun Facts Allergic rhinitis can also occur in conjunction with inflammation of the conjunctiva and swollen eyelids (allergic rhinoconjunctivitis).
Allergic asthma
Complaints Severe or seizure-like coughing, shortness of breath or whistling noises in the airways may indicate allergic asthma, especially when there is no (sub)acute cold.

Prevention and treatment

Basically, it is important and advisable to avoid contact with the allergy triggers if possible. This premise applies in principle to allergy sufferers of all ages. Preventive measures such as special diets during pregnancy or similar have not yet proven medically effective. A rapid clarification of a suspected allergy is therefore the most effective way.

Why early diagnosis is important

Early diagnosis is very valuable, especially in the youngest children, because therapies especially in infancy (e.g. immunotherapy) can achieve very good results and intercept or at least minimize a worsening of the condition.


This article has been reviewed by unserem Medical-Team for accuracy of content.

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