Pollutants intensify allergies

In search of “fresh air”, pollen and other “air pollutants” are lurking—not only for allergy sufferers. What pollutants surround us in everyday life and how you can protect yourself.

Pollutants intensify allergies

The air we inhale has a decisive influence on the health of the respiratory tract. Of course, this affects everyone, but for allergy sufferers it can be a double risk. Environmental influences such as climate change and air pollution can increase the intensity of allergy triggers and individual complaints.

There are two reasons for this:

On the one hand, rising temperatures lead to longer pollen flight times. Plants become more resistant due to external stress and thus develop more allergens. The pollen itself also becomes more aggressive due to ozone, nitrogen oxides and other particles. Pollen thus releases more proteins that trigger and cause allergies.

On the other hand, man himself is also weakened by harmful environmental influences. Pollutants such as exhaust gases, ozone or nitrogen oxides irritate the lungs and mucous membranes. As a result, the tissue becomes more susceptible and can aggravate (allergic) complaints. Fine dust is also still a problem and can lead to inflammation when exposed to high levels of stress. People who live in the city or another traffic-intensive area usually have an increased risk of developing asthma or other respiratory diseases.

Pollutants intensify allergies picture

When the apartment makes you sick

The word air pollution usually refers to exhaust gases from industrial bunkers or exhaust pipes. But even within your own four walls, pollutants are unfortunately not uncommon. So-called living poisons – also called “Sick Building Syndrome” – irritate the mucous membranes and can make you ill. Mould fungus, fine dust or poisons (like the infamous formaldehyde) – the list of pollutants is also long at home. For example, electronic devices such as laser printers, furniture (chipboards) or paints can pollute the air and cause asthma.

We have compiled some helpful tips for clean indoor air for you.

Tips for clean indoor air

When purchasing paints or adhesives, look for an appropriate eco-label. Always ventilate regularly (if possible, make sure there is draughts with the doors open). Particularly after a renovation, you should pay more attention to fresh air. In this way it can be avoided, for example, that toxic vapours from paints or varnishes accumulate in the room.

Printers and other devices can emit fine dust particles through ventilation and should therefore not be placed in bedrooms or living rooms. If you can’t avoid it, then at least open the windows.

Various air fresheners or fragrance lamps in the living room or toilet are popular, but consist of artificial ingredients and irritate the respiratory tract. If you don’t want to do without special fragrances, natural alternatives are better.

Room textiles such as curtains or carpets should be cleaned or ventilated in the washing machine before use and at regular intervals.

The same applies to new clothing, as a whole range of chemicals are usually used in the production process, so it is particularly important to wash them before wearing them for the first time.

Take care of your health and determine your personal allergy risk right away!

Medically reviewed

This article has been examined for medical correctness by Nora Zulehner, PhD.

Posted by Nicole Dopler on 7/5/2019

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